NPSC's partners recognize the importance of joining together with academia to increase the overall number of U.S.-citizens with STEM doctorates, especially of women and under-represented minorities. The summer internships allow employer-partners to come to know the future PhD's whom they may wish to hire someday. Moreover, NPSC costs an employer half or less of what it would cost them to mount their own fellowship.
Using brochures, posters, presentations, this web site, etc., NPSC publicizes the program and recruits applicants nationwide. Students submit their applications to NPSC between August and early December. Early in the calendar year, NPSC member employers review student applications and select the students whom they wish to sponsor as NPSC Fellows. Applicants typically are notified in mid-March. At the start of the fellowship, the employer pays its annual sponsorship directly to NPSC, who then transmits the payment the university.
Companies and agencies which become NPSC members pay no membership fee and have no obligation to support any particular number of fellows in a given year. But once an employer has asked NPSC to make an award offer and a student accepts the offer, the employer is expected to provide an annual expense allowance of $20,000 and NPSC's overhead fee of $7,000 for that fellow, for the length of time specified in the fellow's award letter. The employer also agrees to provide one or two summers of paid internship plus round-trip travel to the worksite. Also see the Employer MOU.
Yes, most do.
Not automatically, but one may be required at the employer's discretion.